Excel functions

# List of Excel functions with translations to 32 languages

English Category Description
ABS Math and trigonometry

Returns the absolute value of a number

ACCRINT Financial

Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest

ACCRINTM Financial

Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity

ACOS Math and trigonometry

Returns the arccosine of a number

ACOSH Math and trigonometry

Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number

ACOT Math and trigonometry

Returns the arccotangent of a number

ACOTH Math and trigonometry

Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number

Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet

AGGREGATE Math and trigonometry

Returns an aggregate in a list or database

AMORDEGRC Financial

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient

AMORLINC Financial

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period

AND Logical

Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE

ARABIC Math and trigonometry

Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number

AREAS Lookup and reference

Returns the number of areas in a reference

ARRAYTOTEXT Text

Returns an array of text values from any specified range

ASC Text

Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters

ASIN Math and trigonometry

Returns the arcsine of a number

ASINH Math and trigonometry

Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number

ATAN Math and trigonometry

Returns the arctangent of a number

ATAN2 Math and trigonometry

Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates

ATANH Math and trigonometry

Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number

AVEDEV Statistical

Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean

AVERAGE Statistical

Returns the average of its arguments

AVERAGEA Statistical

Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

AVERAGEIF Statistical

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria

AVERAGEIFS Statistical

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria

BAHTTEXT Text

Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format

BASE Math and trigonometry

Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)

BESSELI Engineering

Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)

BESSELJ Engineering

Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)

BESSELK Engineering

Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)

BESSELY Engineering

Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)

BETA.DIST Statistical

Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

BETA.INV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

BETAINV Compatibility

Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

BIN2DEC Engineering

Converts a binary number to decimal

BIN2HEX Engineering

Converts a binary number to hexadecimal

BIN2OCT Engineering

Converts a binary number to octal

BINOM.DIST Statistical

Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

BINOM.DIST.RANGE Statistical

Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution

BINOM.INV Statistical

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

BINOMDIST Compatibility

Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

BITAND Engineering

Returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers

BITLSHIFT Engineering

Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits

BITOR Engineering

Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers

BITRSHIFT Engineering

Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits

BITXOR Engineering

Returns a bitwise ‘Exclusive Or’ of two numbers

Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

CEILING Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.MATH Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.PRECISE Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up

CELL Information

Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

CHAR Text

Returns the character specified by the code number

CHIDIST Compatibility

Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHIINV Compatibility

Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.DIST Statistical

Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.DIST.RT Statistical

Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.INV Statistical

Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.INV.RT Statistical

Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.TEST Statistical

Returns the test for independence

CHITEST Compatibility

Returns the test for independence

CHOOSE Lookup and reference

Chooses a value from a list of values

CLEAN Text

Removes all nonprintable characters from text

CODE Text

Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string

COLUMN Lookup and reference

Returns the column number of a reference

COLUMNS Lookup and reference

Returns the number of columns in a reference

COMBIN Math and trigonometry

Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects

COMBINA Math and trigonometry

Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items

COMPLEX Engineering

Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number

CONCAT Text

Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn’t provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments

CONCATENATE Text

Joins several text items into one text item

CONFIDENCE Compatibility

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CONFIDENCE.NORM Statistical

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CONFIDENCE.T Statistical

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student’s t distribution

CONVERT Engineering

Converts a number from one measurement system to another

CORREL Statistical

Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets

COS Math and trigonometry

Returns the cosine of a number

COSH Math and trigonometry

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COT Math and trigonometry

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COTH Math and trigonometry

Returns the cotangent of an angle

COUNT Statistical

Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments

COUNTA Statistical

Counts how many values are in the list of arguments

COUNTBLANK Statistical

Counts the number of blank cells within a range

COUNTIF Statistical

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria

COUNTIFS Statistical

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria

COUPDAYBS Financial

Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date

COUPDAYS Financial

Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date

COUPDAYSNC Financial

Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date

COUPNCD Financial

Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date

COUPNUM Financial

Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date

COUPPCD Financial

Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date

COVAR Compatibility

Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

COVARIANCE.P Statistical

Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

COVARIANCE.S Statistical

Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets

CRITBINOM Compatibility

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

CSC Math and trigonometry

Returns the cosecant of an angle

CSCH Math and trigonometry

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle

CUBEKPIMEMBER Cube

Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization’s performance

CUBEMEMBER Cube

Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY Cube

Returns the value of a member property in the cube Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member

CUBERANKEDMEMBER Cube

Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students

CUBESET Cube

Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel

CUBESETCOUNT Cube

Returns the number of items in a set

CUBEVALUE Cube

Returns an aggregated value from a cube

CUMIPMT Financial

Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods

CUMPRINC Financial

Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods

DATE Date and time

Returns the serial number of a particular date

DATEDIF Date and time

Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age

DATEVALUE Date and time

Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number

DAVERAGE Database

Returns the average of selected database entries

DAY Date and time

Converts a serial number to a day of the month

DAYS Date and time

Returns the number of days between two dates

DAYS360 Date and time

Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year

DB Financial

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method

DBCS Text

Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters

DCOUNT Database

Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database

DCOUNTA Database

Counts nonblank cells in a database

DDB Financial

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify

DEC2BIN Engineering

Converts a decimal number to binary

DEC2HEX Engineering

Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal

DEC2OCT Engineering

Converts a decimal number to octal

DECIMAL Math and trigonometry

Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number

DEGREES Math and trigonometry

DELTA Engineering

Tests whether two values are equal

DEVSQ Statistical

Returns the sum of squares of deviations

DGET Database

Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria

DISC Financial

Returns the discount rate for a security

DMAX Database

Returns the maximum value from selected database entries

DMIN Database

Returns the minimum value from selected database entries

DOLLAR Text

Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format

DOLLARDE Financial

Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number

DOLLARFR Financial

Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction

DPRODUCT Database

Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database

DSTDEV Database

Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries

DSTDEVP Database

Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries

DSUM Database

Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria

DURATION Financial

Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments

DVAR Database

Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries

DVARP Database

Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

EDATE Date and time

Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date

EFFECT Financial

Returns the effective annual interest rate

ENCODEURL Web

Returns a URL-encoded string

EOMONTH Date and time

Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months

ERF Engineering

Returns the error function

ERF.PRECISE Engineering

Returns the error function

ERFC Engineering

Returns the complementary error function

ERFC.PRECISE Engineering

Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity

ERROR.TYPE Information

Returns a number corresponding to an error type

Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation)

EVEN Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer

EXACT Text

Checks to see if two text values are identical

EXP Math and trigonometry

Returns

EXPON.DIST Statistical

Returns the exponential distribution

EXPONDIST Compatibility

Returns the exponential distribution

F.DIST Statistical

Returns the F probability distribution

F.DIST.RT Statistical

Returns the F probability distribution

F.INV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.INV.RT Statistical

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.TEST Statistical

Returns the result of an F-test

FACT Math and trigonometry

Returns the factorial of a number

FACTDOUBLE Math and trigonometry

Returns the double factorial of a number

FALSE Logical

Returns the logical value FALSE

FDIST Compatibility

Returns the F probability distribution

FILTER Lookup and reference

Filters a range of data based on criteria you define

FILTERXML Web

Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

FIND, FINDBs Text

Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)

FINV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

FISHER Statistical

Returns the Fisher transformation

FISHERINV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation

FIXED Text

Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals

FLOOR Compatibility

Rounds a number down, toward zero

FLOOR.MATH Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

FLOOR.PRECISE Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up

FORECAST Statistical

Returns a value along a linear trend

FORECAST.ETS Statistical

Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT Statistical

Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY Statistical

Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series

FORECAST.ETS.STAT Statistical

Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting

FORECAST.LINEAR Statistical

Returns a future value based on existing values

FORMULATEXT Lookup and reference

Returns the formula at the given reference as text

FREQUENCY Statistical

Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array

FTEST Compatibility

Returns the result of an F-test

FV Financial

Returns the future value of an investment

FVSCHEDULE Financial

Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates

GAMMA Statistical

Returns the Gamma function value

GAMMA.DIST Statistical

Returns the gamma distribution

GAMMA.INV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Returns the gamma distribution

GAMMAINV Compatibility

Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

GAMMALN Statistical

Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

GAMMALN.PRECISE Statistical

Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

GAUSS Statistical

Returns 05 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution

GCD Math and trigonometry

Returns the greatest common divisor

GEOMEAN Statistical

Returns the geometric mean

GESTEP Engineering

Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value

GETPIVOTDATA Lookup and reference

Returns data stored in a PivotTable report

GROWTH Statistical

Returns values along an exponential trend

HARMEAN Statistical

Returns the harmonic mean

HEX2BIN Engineering

Converts a hexadecimal number to binary

HEX2DEC Engineering

Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal

HEX2OCT Engineering

Converts a hexadecimal number to octal

HLOOKUP Lookup and reference

Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell

HOUR Date and time

Converts a serial number to an hour

Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet

HYPGEOM.DIST Statistical

Returns the hypergeometric distribution

HYPGEOMDIST Compatibility

Returns the hypergeometric distribution

IF Logical

Specifies a logical test to perform

IFERROR Logical

Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula

IFNA Logical

Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression

IFS Logical

Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition

IMABS Engineering

Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number

IMAGINARY Engineering

Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number

IMARGUMENT Engineering

Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians

IMCONJUGATE Engineering

Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number

IMCOS Engineering

Returns the cosine of a complex number

IMCOSH Engineering

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number

IMCOT Engineering

Returns the cotangent of a complex number

IMCSC Engineering

Returns the cosecant of a complex number

IMCSCH Engineering

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number

IMDIV Engineering

Returns the quotient of two complex numbers

IMEXP Engineering

Returns the exponential of a complex number

IMLN Engineering

Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG10 Engineering

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG2 Engineering

Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number

IMPOWER Engineering

Returns a complex number raised to an integer power

IMPRODUCT Engineering

Returns the product of complex numbers

IMREAL Engineering

Returns the real coefficient of a complex number

IMSEC Engineering

Returns the secant of a complex number

IMSECH Engineering

Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number

IMSIN Engineering

Returns the sine of a complex number

IMSINH Engineering

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number

IMSQRT Engineering

Returns the square root of a complex number

IMSUB Engineering

Returns the difference between two complex numbers

IMSUM Engineering

Returns the sum of complex numbers

IMTAN Engineering

Returns the tangent of a complex number

INDEX Lookup and reference

Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array

INDIRECT Lookup and reference

Returns a reference indicated by a text value

INFO Information

Returns information about the current operating environment

INT Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

INTERCEPT Statistical

Returns the intercept of the linear regression line

INTRATE Financial

Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security

IPMT Financial

Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period

IRR Financial

Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows

ISBLANK Information

Returns TRUE if the value is blank

ISERR Information

Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A

ISERROR Information

Returns TRUE if the value is any error value

ISEVEN Information

Returns TRUE if the number is even

ISFORMULA Information

Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula

ISLOGICAL Information

Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value

ISNA Information

Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value

ISNONTEXT Information

Returns TRUE if the value is not text

ISNUMBER Information

Returns TRUE if the value is a number

ISO.CEILING Math and trigonometry

Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

ISODD Information

Returns TRUE if the number is odd

ISOWEEKNUM Date and time

Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date

ISPMT Financial

Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment

ISREF Information

Returns TRUE if the value is a reference

ISTEXT Information

Returns TRUE if the value is text

JIS Text

Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters

KURT Statistical

Returns the kurtosis of a data set

LARGE Statistical

Returns the k-th largest value in a data set

LCM Math and trigonometry

Returns the least common multiple

LEFT, LEFTBs Text

Returns the leftmost characters from a text value

LEN, LENBs Text

Returns the number of characters in a text string

LET Math and trigonometry

Assigns names to calculation results to allow storing intermediate calculations, values, or defining names inside a formula

LINEST Statistical

Returns the parameters of a linear trend

LN Math and trigonometry

Returns the natural logarithm of a number

LOG Math and trigonometry

Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base

LOG10 Math and trigonometry

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number

LOGEST Statistical

Returns the parameters of an exponential trend

Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

LOGNORM.DIST Statistical

Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

LOGNORM.INV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

LOGNORMDIST Compatibility

Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

LOOKUP Lookup and reference

Looks up values in a vector or array

LOWER Text

Converts text to lowercase

MATCH Lookup and reference

Looks up values in a reference or array

MAX Statistical

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments

MAXA Statistical

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MAXIFS Statistical

Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

MDETERM Math and trigonometry

Returns the matrix determinant of an array

MDURATION Financial

Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100

MEDIAN Statistical

Returns the median of the given numbers

MID, MIDBs Text

Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify

MIN Statistical

Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments

MINA Statistical

Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MINIFS Statistical

Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

MINUTE Date and time

Converts a serial number to a minute

MINVERSE Math and trigonometry

Returns the matrix inverse of an array

MIRR Financial

Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates

MMULT Math and trigonometry

Returns the matrix product of two arrays

MOD Math and trigonometry

Returns the remainder from division

MODE Compatibility

Returns the most common value in a data set

MODE.MULT Statistical

Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data

MODE.SNGL Statistical

Returns the most common value in a data set

MONTH Date and time

Converts a serial number to a month

MROUND Math and trigonometry

Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple

MULTINOMIAL Math and trigonometry

Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers

MUNIT Math and trigonometry

Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension

N Information

Returns a value converted to a number

NA Information

Returns the error value #N/A

NEGBINOM.DIST Statistical

Returns the negative binomial distribution

NEGBINOMDIST Compatibility

Returns the negative binomial distribution

NETWORKDAYS Date and time

Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates

NETWORKDAYS.INTL Date and time

Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

NOMINAL Financial

Returns the annual nominal interest rate

NORM.DIST Statistical

Returns the normal cumulative distribution

NORM.INV Compatibility

Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

NORM.S.DIST Statistical

Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORM.S.INV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORMDIST Compatibility

Returns the normal cumulative distribution

NORMINV Statistical

Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

NORMSDIST Compatibility

Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORMSINV Compatibility

Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

NOT Logical

Reverses the logic of its argument

NOW Date and time

Returns the serial number of the current date and time

NPER Financial

Returns the number of periods for an investment

NPV Financial

Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate

NUMBERVALUE Text

Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner

OCT2BIN Engineering

Converts an octal number to binary

OCT2DEC Engineering

Converts an octal number to decimal

OCT2HEX Engineering

Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

ODD Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer

ODDFPRICE Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period

ODDFYIELD Financial

Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period

ODDLPRICE Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period

ODDLYIELD Financial

Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period

OFFSET Lookup and reference

Returns a reference offset from a given reference

OR Logical

Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE

PDURATION Financial

Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value

PEARSON Statistical

Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

PERCENTILE Compatibility

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

PERCENTILE.EXC Statistical

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 01, exclusive

PERCENTILE.INC Statistical

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

PERCENTRANK Compatibility

Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

PERCENTRANK.EXC Statistical

Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (01, exclusive) of the data set

PERCENTRANK.INC Statistical

Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

PERMUT Statistical

Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects

PERMUTATIONA Statistical

Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects

PHI Statistical

Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution

PHONETIC Text

Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string

PI Math and trigonometry

Returns the value of pi

PMT Financial

Returns the periodic payment for an annuity

POISSON Compatibility

Returns the Poisson distribution

POISSON.DIST Statistical

Returns the Poisson distribution

POWER Math and trigonometry

Returns the result of a number raised to a power

PPMT Financial

Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period

PRICE Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest

PRICEDISC Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security

PRICEMAT Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity

PROB Statistical

Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits

PRODUCT Math and trigonometry

Multiplies its arguments

PROPER Text

Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value

PV Financial

Returns the present value of an investment

QUARTILE Compatibility

Returns the quartile of a data set

QUARTILE.EXC Statistical

Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 01, exclusive

QUARTILE.INC Statistical

Returns the quartile of a data set

QUOTIENT Math and trigonometry

Returns the integer portion of a division

RAND Math and trigonometry

Returns a random number between 0 and 1

RANDARRAY Math and trigonometry

Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1 However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values

RANDBETWEEN Math and trigonometry

Returns a random number between the numbers you specify

RANK Compatibility

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RANK.AVG Statistical

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RANK.EQ Statistical

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RATE Financial

Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity

Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security

Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered

REPLACE, REPLACEBs Text

Replaces characters within text

REPT Text

Repeats text a given number of times

RIGHT, RIGHTBs Text

Returns the rightmost characters from a text value

ROMAN Math and trigonometry

Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text

ROUND Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number to a specified number of digits

ROUNDDOWN Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number down, toward zero

ROUNDUP Math and trigonometry

Rounds a number up, away from zero

ROW Lookup and reference

Returns the row number of a reference

ROWS Lookup and reference

Returns the number of rows in a reference

RRI Financial

Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment

RSQ Statistical

Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

RTD Lookup and reference

Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation

SEARCH, SEARCHBs Text

Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)

SEC Math and trigonometry

Returns the secant of an angle

SECH Math and trigonometry

Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle

SECOND Date and time

Converts a serial number to a second

SEQUENCE Math and trigonometry

Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4

SERIESSUM Math and trigonometry

Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula

SHEET Information

Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet

SHEETS Information

Returns the number of sheets in a reference

SIGN Math and trigonometry

Returns the sign of a number

SIN Math and trigonometry

Returns the sine of the given angle

SINH Math and trigonometry

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number

SKEW Statistical

Returns the skewness of a distribution

SKEW.P Statistical

Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean

SLN Financial

Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period

SLOPE Statistical

Returns the slope of the linear regression line

SMALL Statistical

Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set

SORT Lookup and reference

Sorts the contents of a range or array

SORTBY Lookup and reference

Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array

SQRT Math and trigonometry

Returns a positive square root

SQRTPI Math and trigonometry

Returns the square root of (number * pi)

STANDARDIZE Statistical

Returns a normalized value

STDEV Compatibility

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEV.P Statistical

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

STDEV.S Statistical

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEVA Statistical

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

STDEVP Compatibility

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

STDEVPA Statistical

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

STEYX Statistical

Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression

SUBSTITUTE Text

Substitutes new text for old text in a text string

SUBTOTAL Math and trigonometry

Returns a subtotal in a list or database

SUM Math and trigonometry

SUMIF Math and trigonometry

Adds the cells specified by a given criteria

SUMIFS Math and trigonometry

Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria

SUMPRODUCT Math and trigonometry

Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components

SUMSQ Math and trigonometry

Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments

SUMX2MY2 Math and trigonometry

Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMX2PY2 Math and trigonometry

Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMXMY2 Math and trigonometry

Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays

SWITCH Logical

Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned

SYD Financial

Returns the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

T Text

Converts its arguments to text

T.DIST Statistical

Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.2T Statistical

Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.RT Statistical

Returns the Student’s t-distribution

T.INV Statistical

Returns the t-value of the Student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom

T.INV.2T Statistical

Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution

T.TEST Statistical

Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test

TAN Math and trigonometry

Returns the tangent of a number

TANH Math and trigonometry

Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number

TBILLEQ Financial

Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill

TBILLPRICE Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill

TBILLYIELD Financial

Returns the yield for a Treasury bill

TDIST Compatibility

Returns the Student’s t-distribution

TEXT Text

Formats a number and converts it to text

TEXTJOIN Text

Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges

TIME Date and time

Returns the serial number of a particular time

TIMEVALUE Date and time

Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number

TINV Compatibility

Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution

TODAY Date and time

Returns the serial number of today’s date

TRANSPOSE Lookup and reference

Returns the transpose of an array

TREND Statistical

Returns values along a linear trend

TRIM Text

Removes spaces from text

TRIMMEAN Statistical

Returns the mean of the interior of a data set

TRUE Logical

Returns the logical value TRUE

TRUNC Math and trigonometry

Truncates a number to an integer

TTEST Compatibility

Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test

TYPE Information

Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

UNICHAR Text

Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value

UNICODE Text

Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text

UNIQUE Lookup and reference

Returns a list of unique values in a list or range

UPPER Text

Converts text to uppercase

VALUE Text

Converts a text argument to a number

VALUETOTEXT Text

Returns text from any specified value

VAR Compatibility

Estimates variance based on a sample

VAR.P Statistical

Calculates variance based on the entire population

VAR.S Statistical

Estimates variance based on a sample

VARA Statistical

Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

VARP Compatibility

Calculates variance based on the entire population

VARPA Statistical

Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

VDB Financial

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method

VLOOKUP Lookup and reference

Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

WEBSERVICE Web

Returns data from a web service

WEEKDAY Date and time

Converts a serial number to a day of the week

WEEKNUM Date and time

Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year

WEIBULL Compatibility

Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

WEIBULL.DIST Statistical

Returns the Weibull distribution

WORKDAY Date and time

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays

WORKDAY.INTL Date and time

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

XIRR Financial

Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

XLOOKUP Lookup and reference

Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds If a match doesn’t exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match

XMATCH Lookup and reference

Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells

XNPV Financial

Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

XOR Logical

Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments

YEAR Date and time

Converts a serial number to a year

YEARFRAC Date and time

Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

YIELD Financial

Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest

YIELDDISC Financial

Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill

YIELDMAT Financial

Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

Z.TEST Statistical

Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

ZTEST Compatibility

Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test