# List of Excel functions with translations to 32 languages

English | Category | Description |
---|---|---|

ABS | Math and trigonometry | Returns the absolute value of a number |

ACCRINT | Financial | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest |

ACCRINTM | Financial | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity |

ACOS | Math and trigonometry | Returns the arccosine of a number |

ACOSH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number |

ACOT | Math and trigonometry | Returns the arccotangent of a number |

ACOTH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number |

ADDRESS | Lookup and reference | Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet |

AGGREGATE | Math and trigonometry | Returns an aggregate in a list or database |

AMORDEGRC | Financial | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient |

AMORLINC | Financial | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period |

AND | Logical | Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE |

ARABIC | Math and trigonometry | Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number |

AREAS | Lookup and reference | Returns the number of areas in a reference |

ARRAYTOTEXT | Text | Returns an array of text values from any specified range |

ASC | Text | Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters |

ASIN | Math and trigonometry | Returns the arcsine of a number |

ASINH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number |

ATAN | Math and trigonometry | Returns the arctangent of a number |

ATAN2 | Math and trigonometry | Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates |

ATANH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number |

AVEDEV | Statistical | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean |

AVERAGE | Statistical | Returns the average of its arguments |

AVERAGEA | Statistical | Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

AVERAGEIF | Statistical | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria |

AVERAGEIFS | Statistical | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria |

BAHTTEXT | Text | Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format |

BASE | Math and trigonometry | Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) |

BESSELI | Engineering | Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) |

BESSELJ | Engineering | Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) |

BESSELK | Engineering | Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) |

BESSELY | Engineering | Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) |

BETA.DIST | Statistical | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETA.INV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

BETADIST | Compatibility | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETAINV | Compatibility | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

BIN2DEC | Engineering | Converts a binary number to decimal |

BIN2HEX | Engineering | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal |

BIN2OCT | Engineering | Converts a binary number to octal |

BINOM.DIST | Statistical | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | Statistical | Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution |

BINOM.INV | Statistical | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

BINOMDIST | Compatibility | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

BITAND | Engineering | Returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers |

BITLSHIFT | Engineering | Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits |

BITOR | Engineering | Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers |

BITRSHIFT | Engineering | Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits |

BITXOR | Engineering | Returns a bitwise ‘Exclusive Or’ of two numbers |

CALL | Add-in and Automation | Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource |

CEILING | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

CEILING.MATH | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

CEILING.PRECISE | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up |

CELL | Information | Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell |

CHAR | Text | Returns the character specified by the code number |

CHIDIST | Compatibility | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHIINV | Compatibility | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.DIST | Statistical | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.DIST.RT | Statistical | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.INV | Statistical | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.INV.RT | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.TEST | Statistical | Returns the test for independence |

CHITEST | Compatibility | Returns the test for independence |

CHOOSE | Lookup and reference | Chooses a value from a list of values |

CLEAN | Text | Removes all nonprintable characters from text |

CODE | Text | Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string |

COLUMN | Lookup and reference | Returns the column number of a reference |

COLUMNS | Lookup and reference | Returns the number of columns in a reference |

COMBIN | Math and trigonometry | Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects |

COMBINA | Math and trigonometry | Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items |

COMPLEX | Engineering | Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number |

CONCAT | Text | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn’t provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments |

CONCATENATE | Text | Joins several text items into one text item |

CONFIDENCE | Compatibility | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean |

CONFIDENCE.NORM | Statistical | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean |

CONFIDENCE.T | Statistical | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student’s t distribution |

CONVERT | Engineering | Converts a number from one measurement system to another |

CORREL | Statistical | Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets |

COS | Math and trigonometry | Returns the cosine of a number |

COSH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number |

COT | Math and trigonometry | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number |

COTH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the cotangent of an angle |

COUNT | Statistical | Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments |

COUNTA | Statistical | Counts how many values are in the list of arguments |

COUNTBLANK | Statistical | Counts the number of blank cells within a range |

COUNTIF | Statistical | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria |

COUNTIFS | Statistical | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria |

COUPDAYBS | Financial | Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date |

COUPDAYS | Financial | Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date |

COUPDAYSNC | Financial | Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date |

COUPNCD | Financial | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date |

COUPNUM | Financial | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date |

COUPPCD | Financial | Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date |

COVAR | Compatibility | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations |

COVARIANCE.P | Statistical | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations |

COVARIANCE.S | Statistical | Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets |

CRITBINOM | Compatibility | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

CSC | Math and trigonometry | Returns the cosecant of an angle |

CSCH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle |

CUBEKPIMEMBER | Cube | Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization’s performance |

CUBEMEMBER | Cube | Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube |

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY | Cube | Returns the value of a member property in the cube Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member |

CUBERANKEDMEMBER | Cube | Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students |

CUBESET | Cube | Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel |

CUBESETCOUNT | Cube | Returns the number of items in a set |

CUBEVALUE | Cube | Returns an aggregated value from a cube |

CUMIPMT | Financial | Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods |

CUMPRINC | Financial | Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods |

DATE | Date and time | Returns the serial number of a particular date |

DATEDIF | Date and time | Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age |

DATEVALUE | Date and time | Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number |

DAVERAGE | Database | Returns the average of selected database entries |

DAY | Date and time | Converts a serial number to a day of the month |

DAYS | Date and time | Returns the number of days between two dates |

DAYS360 | Date and time | Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year |

DB | Financial | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method |

DBCS | Text | Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters |

DCOUNT | Database | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database |

DCOUNTA | Database | Counts nonblank cells in a database |

DDB | Financial | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify |

DEC2BIN | Engineering | Converts a decimal number to binary |

DEC2HEX | Engineering | Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal |

DEC2OCT | Engineering | Converts a decimal number to octal |

DECIMAL | Math and trigonometry | Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number |

DEGREES | Math and trigonometry | Converts radians to degrees |

DELTA | Engineering | Tests whether two values are equal |

DEVSQ | Statistical | Returns the sum of squares of deviations |

DGET | Database | Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria |

DISC | Financial | Returns the discount rate for a security |

DMAX | Database | Returns the maximum value from selected database entries |

DMIN | Database | Returns the minimum value from selected database entries |

DOLLAR | Text | Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format |

DOLLARDE | Financial | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number |

DOLLARFR | Financial | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction |

DPRODUCT | Database | Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database |

DSTDEV | Database | Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries |

DSTDEVP | Database | Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries |

DSUM | Database | Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria |

DURATION | Financial | Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments |

DVAR | Database | Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries |

DVARP | Database | Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries |

EDATE | Date and time | Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date |

EFFECT | Financial | Returns the effective annual interest rate |

ENCODEURL | Web | Returns a URL-encoded string |

EOMONTH | Date and time | Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months |

ERF | Engineering | Returns the error function |

ERF.PRECISE | Engineering | Returns the error function |

ERFC | Engineering | Returns the complementary error function |

ERFC.PRECISE | Engineering | Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity |

ERROR.TYPE | Information | Returns a number corresponding to an error type |

EUROCONVERT | Add-in and Automation | Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation) |

EVEN | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer |

EXACT | Text | Checks to see if two text values are identical |

EXP | Math and trigonometry | Returns |

EXPON.DIST | Statistical | Returns the exponential distribution |

EXPONDIST | Compatibility | Returns the exponential distribution |

F.DIST | Statistical | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.DIST.RT | Statistical | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.INV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.INV.RT | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.TEST | Statistical | Returns the result of an F-test |

FACT | Math and trigonometry | Returns the factorial of a number |

FACTDOUBLE | Math and trigonometry | Returns the double factorial of a number |

FALSE | Logical | Returns the logical value FALSE |

FDIST | Compatibility | Returns the F probability distribution |

FILTER | Lookup and reference | Filters a range of data based on criteria you define |

FILTERXML | Web | Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath |

FIND, FINDBs | Text | Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) |

FINV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

FISHER | Statistical | Returns the Fisher transformation |

FISHERINV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation |

FIXED | Text | Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals |

FLOOR | Compatibility | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

FLOOR.MATH | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

FLOOR.PRECISE | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up |

FORECAST | Statistical | Returns a value along a linear trend |

FORECAST.ETS | Statistical | Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm |

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT | Statistical | Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date |

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY | Statistical | Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series |

FORECAST.ETS.STAT | Statistical | Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting |

FORECAST.LINEAR | Statistical | Returns a future value based on existing values |

FORMULATEXT | Lookup and reference | Returns the formula at the given reference as text |

FREQUENCY | Statistical | Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array |

FTEST | Compatibility | Returns the result of an F-test |

FV | Financial | Returns the future value of an investment |

FVSCHEDULE | Financial | Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates |

GAMMA | Statistical | Returns the Gamma function value |

GAMMA.DIST | Statistical | Returns the gamma distribution |

GAMMA.INV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution |

GAMMADIST | Compatibility | Returns the gamma distribution |

GAMMAINV | Compatibility | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution |

GAMMALN | Statistical | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) |

GAMMALN.PRECISE | Statistical | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) |

GAUSS | Statistical | Returns 05 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution |

GCD | Math and trigonometry | Returns the greatest common divisor |

GEOMEAN | Statistical | Returns the geometric mean |

GESTEP | Engineering | Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value |

GETPIVOTDATA | Lookup and reference | Returns data stored in a PivotTable report |

GROWTH | Statistical | Returns values along an exponential trend |

HARMEAN | Statistical | Returns the harmonic mean |

HEX2BIN | Engineering | Converts a hexadecimal number to binary |

HEX2DEC | Engineering | Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal |

HEX2OCT | Engineering | Converts a hexadecimal number to octal |

HLOOKUP | Lookup and reference | Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell |

HOUR | Date and time | Converts a serial number to an hour |

HYPERLINK | Lookup and reference | Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet |

HYPGEOM.DIST | Statistical | Returns the hypergeometric distribution |

HYPGEOMDIST | Compatibility | Returns the hypergeometric distribution |

IF | Logical | Specifies a logical test to perform |

IFERROR | Logical | Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula |

IFNA | Logical | Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression |

IFS | Logical | Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition |

IMABS | Engineering | Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number |

IMAGINARY | Engineering | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number |

IMARGUMENT | Engineering | Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians |

IMCONJUGATE | Engineering | Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number |

IMCOS | Engineering | Returns the cosine of a complex number |

IMCOSH | Engineering | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number |

IMCOT | Engineering | Returns the cotangent of a complex number |

IMCSC | Engineering | Returns the cosecant of a complex number |

IMCSCH | Engineering | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number |

IMDIV | Engineering | Returns the quotient of two complex numbers |

IMEXP | Engineering | Returns the exponential of a complex number |

IMLN | Engineering | Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG10 | Engineering | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG2 | Engineering | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number |

IMPOWER | Engineering | Returns a complex number raised to an integer power |

IMPRODUCT | Engineering | Returns the product of complex numbers |

IMREAL | Engineering | Returns the real coefficient of a complex number |

IMSEC | Engineering | Returns the secant of a complex number |

IMSECH | Engineering | Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number |

IMSIN | Engineering | Returns the sine of a complex number |

IMSINH | Engineering | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number |

IMSQRT | Engineering | Returns the square root of a complex number |

IMSUB | Engineering | Returns the difference between two complex numbers |

IMSUM | Engineering | Returns the sum of complex numbers |

IMTAN | Engineering | Returns the tangent of a complex number |

INDEX | Lookup and reference | Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array |

INDIRECT | Lookup and reference | Returns a reference indicated by a text value |

INFO | Information | Returns information about the current operating environment |

INT | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer |

INTERCEPT | Statistical | Returns the intercept of the linear regression line |

INTRATE | Financial | Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security |

IPMT | Financial | Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period |

IRR | Financial | Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows |

ISBLANK | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is blank |

ISERR | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A |

ISERROR | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value |

ISEVEN | Information | Returns TRUE if the number is even |

ISFORMULA | Information | Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula |

ISLOGICAL | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value |

ISNA | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value |

ISNONTEXT | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is not text |

ISNUMBER | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is a number |

ISO.CEILING | Math and trigonometry | Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

ISODD | Information | Returns TRUE if the number is odd |

ISOWEEKNUM | Date and time | Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date |

ISPMT | Financial | Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment |

ISREF | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is a reference |

ISTEXT | Information | Returns TRUE if the value is text |

JIS | Text | Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters |

KURT | Statistical | Returns the kurtosis of a data set |

LARGE | Statistical | Returns the k-th largest value in a data set |

LCM | Math and trigonometry | Returns the least common multiple |

LEFT, LEFTBs | Text | Returns the leftmost characters from a text value |

LEN, LENBs | Text | Returns the number of characters in a text string |

LET | Math and trigonometry | Assigns names to calculation results to allow storing intermediate calculations, values, or defining names inside a formula |

LINEST | Statistical | Returns the parameters of a linear trend |

LN | Math and trigonometry | Returns the natural logarithm of a number |

LOG | Math and trigonometry | Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base |

LOG10 | Math and trigonometry | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number |

LOGEST | Statistical | Returns the parameters of an exponential trend |

LOGINV | Compatibility | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution |

LOGNORM.DIST | Statistical | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution |

LOGNORM.INV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution |

LOGNORMDIST | Compatibility | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution |

LOOKUP | Lookup and reference | Looks up values in a vector or array |

LOWER | Text | Converts text to lowercase |

MATCH | Lookup and reference | Looks up values in a reference or array |

MAX | Statistical | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments |

MAXA | Statistical | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MAXIFS | Statistical | Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria |

MDETERM | Math and trigonometry | Returns the matrix determinant of an array |

MDURATION | Financial | Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 |

MEDIAN | Statistical | Returns the median of the given numbers |

MID, MIDBs | Text | Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify |

MIN | Statistical | Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments |

MINA | Statistical | Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MINIFS | Statistical | Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria |

MINUTE | Date and time | Converts a serial number to a minute |

MINVERSE | Math and trigonometry | Returns the matrix inverse of an array |

MIRR | Financial | Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates |

MMULT | Math and trigonometry | Returns the matrix product of two arrays |

MOD | Math and trigonometry | Returns the remainder from division |

MODE | Compatibility | Returns the most common value in a data set |

MODE.MULT | Statistical | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data |

MODE.SNGL | Statistical | Returns the most common value in a data set |

MONTH | Date and time | Converts a serial number to a month |

MROUND | Math and trigonometry | Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple |

MULTINOMIAL | Math and trigonometry | Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers |

MUNIT | Math and trigonometry | Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension |

N | Information | Returns a value converted to a number |

NA | Information | Returns the error value #N/A |

NEGBINOM.DIST | Statistical | Returns the negative binomial distribution |

NEGBINOMDIST | Compatibility | Returns the negative binomial distribution |

NETWORKDAYS | Date and time | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | Date and time | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

NOMINAL | Financial | Returns the annual nominal interest rate |

NORM.DIST | Statistical | Returns the normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.INV | Compatibility | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.S.DIST | Statistical | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.S.INV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORMDIST | Compatibility | Returns the normal cumulative distribution |

NORMINV | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution |

NORMSDIST | Compatibility | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORMSINV | Compatibility | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NOT | Logical | Reverses the logic of its argument |

NOW | Date and time | Returns the serial number of the current date and time |

NPER | Financial | Returns the number of periods for an investment |

NPV | Financial | Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate |

NUMBERVALUE | Text | Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner |

OCT2BIN | Engineering | Converts an octal number to binary |

OCT2DEC | Engineering | Converts an octal number to decimal |

OCT2HEX | Engineering | Converts an octal number to hexadecimal |

ODD | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer |

ODDFPRICE | Financial | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period |

ODDFYIELD | Financial | Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period |

ODDLPRICE | Financial | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period |

ODDLYIELD | Financial | Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period |

OFFSET | Lookup and reference | Returns a reference offset from a given reference |

OR | Logical | Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE |

PDURATION | Financial | Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value |

PEARSON | Statistical | Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

PERCENTILE | Compatibility | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range |

PERCENTILE.EXC | Statistical | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 01, exclusive |

PERCENTILE.INC | Statistical | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range |

PERCENTRANK | Compatibility | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | Statistical | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (01, exclusive) of the data set |

PERCENTRANK.INC | Statistical | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set |

PERMUT | Statistical | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects |

PERMUTATIONA | Statistical | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects |

PHI | Statistical | Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution |

PHONETIC | Text | Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string |

PI | Math and trigonometry | Returns the value of pi |

PMT | Financial | Returns the periodic payment for an annuity |

POISSON | Compatibility | Returns the Poisson distribution |

POISSON.DIST | Statistical | Returns the Poisson distribution |

POWER | Math and trigonometry | Returns the result of a number raised to a power |

PPMT | Financial | Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period |

PRICE | Financial | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest |

PRICEDISC | Financial | Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security |

PRICEMAT | Financial | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity |

PROB | Statistical | Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits |

PRODUCT | Math and trigonometry | Multiplies its arguments |

PROPER | Text | Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value |

PV | Financial | Returns the present value of an investment |

QUARTILE | Compatibility | Returns the quartile of a data set |

QUARTILE.EXC | Statistical | Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 01, exclusive |

QUARTILE.INC | Statistical | Returns the quartile of a data set |

QUOTIENT | Math and trigonometry | Returns the integer portion of a division |

RADIANS | Math and trigonometry | Converts degrees to radians |

RAND | Math and trigonometry | Returns a random number between 0 and 1 |

RANDARRAY | Math and trigonometry | Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1 However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values |

RANDBETWEEN | Math and trigonometry | Returns a random number between the numbers you specify |

RANK | Compatibility | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RANK.AVG | Statistical | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RANK.EQ | Statistical | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RATE | Financial | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity |

RECEIVED | Financial | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security |

REGISTER.ID | Add-in and Automation | Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered |

REPLACE, REPLACEBs | Text | Replaces characters within text |

REPT | Text | Repeats text a given number of times |

RIGHT, RIGHTBs | Text | Returns the rightmost characters from a text value |

ROMAN | Math and trigonometry | Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text |

ROUND | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number to a specified number of digits |

ROUNDDOWN | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

ROUNDUP | Math and trigonometry | Rounds a number up, away from zero |

ROW | Lookup and reference | Returns the row number of a reference |

ROWS | Lookup and reference | Returns the number of rows in a reference |

RRI | Financial | Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment |

RSQ | Statistical | Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

RTD | Lookup and reference | Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation |

SEARCH, SEARCHBs | Text | Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) |

SEC | Math and trigonometry | Returns the secant of an angle |

SECH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle |

SECOND | Date and time | Converts a serial number to a second |

SEQUENCE | Math and trigonometry | Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4 |

SERIESSUM | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula |

SHEET | Information | Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet |

SHEETS | Information | Returns the number of sheets in a reference |

SIGN | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sign of a number |

SIN | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sine of the given angle |

SINH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number |

SKEW | Statistical | Returns the skewness of a distribution |

SKEW.P | Statistical | Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean |

SLN | Financial | Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period |

SLOPE | Statistical | Returns the slope of the linear regression line |

SMALL | Statistical | Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set |

SORT | Lookup and reference | Sorts the contents of a range or array |

SORTBY | Lookup and reference | Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array |

SQRT | Math and trigonometry | Returns a positive square root |

SQRTPI | Math and trigonometry | Returns the square root of (number * pi) |

STANDARDIZE | Statistical | Returns a normalized value |

STDEV | Compatibility | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample |

STDEV.P | Statistical | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population |

STDEV.S | Statistical | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample |

STDEVA | Statistical | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STDEVP | Compatibility | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population |

STDEVPA | Statistical | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STEYX | Statistical | Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression |

SUBSTITUTE | Text | Substitutes new text for old text in a text string |

SUBTOTAL | Math and trigonometry | Returns a subtotal in a list or database |

SUM | Math and trigonometry | Adds its arguments |

SUMIF | Math and trigonometry | Adds the cells specified by a given criteria |

SUMIFS | Math and trigonometry | Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria |

SUMPRODUCT | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components |

SUMSQ | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments |

SUMX2MY2 | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMX2PY2 | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMXMY2 | Math and trigonometry | Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays |

SWITCH | Logical | Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned |

SYD | Financial | Returns the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period |

T | Text | Converts its arguments to text |

T.DIST | Statistical | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.2T | Statistical | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.RT | Statistical | Returns the Student’s t-distribution |

T.INV | Statistical | Returns the t-value of the Student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom |

T.INV.2T | Statistical | Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution |

T.TEST | Statistical | Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test |

TAN | Math and trigonometry | Returns the tangent of a number |

TANH | Math and trigonometry | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number |

TBILLEQ | Financial | Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill |

TBILLPRICE | Financial | Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill |

TBILLYIELD | Financial | Returns the yield for a Treasury bill |

TDIST | Compatibility | Returns the Student’s t-distribution |

TEXT | Text | Formats a number and converts it to text |

TEXTJOIN | Text | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges |

TIME | Date and time | Returns the serial number of a particular time |

TIMEVALUE | Date and time | Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number |

TINV | Compatibility | Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution |

TODAY | Date and time | Returns the serial number of today’s date |

TRANSPOSE | Lookup and reference | Returns the transpose of an array |

TREND | Statistical | Returns values along a linear trend |

TRIM | Text | Removes spaces from text |

TRIMMEAN | Statistical | Returns the mean of the interior of a data set |

TRUE | Logical | Returns the logical value TRUE |

TRUNC | Math and trigonometry | Truncates a number to an integer |

TTEST | Compatibility | Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test |

TYPE | Information | Returns a number indicating the data type of a value |

UNICHAR | Text | Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value |

UNICODE | Text | Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text |

UNIQUE | Lookup and reference | Returns a list of unique values in a list or range |

UPPER | Text | Converts text to uppercase |

VALUE | Text | Converts a text argument to a number |

VALUETOTEXT | Text | Returns text from any specified value |

VAR | Compatibility | Estimates variance based on a sample |

VAR.P | Statistical | Calculates variance based on the entire population |

VAR.S | Statistical | Estimates variance based on a sample |

VARA | Statistical | Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

VARP | Compatibility | Calculates variance based on the entire population |

VARPA | Statistical | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

VDB | Financial | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method |

VLOOKUP | Lookup and reference | Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell |

WEBSERVICE | Web | Returns data from a web service |

WEEKDAY | Date and time | Converts a serial number to a day of the week |

WEEKNUM | Date and time | Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year |

WEIBULL | Compatibility | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

WEIBULL.DIST | Statistical | Returns the Weibull distribution |

WORKDAY | Date and time | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays |

WORKDAY.INTL | Date and time | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

XIRR | Financial | Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

XLOOKUP | Lookup and reference | Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds If a match doesn’t exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match |

XMATCH | Lookup and reference | Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells |

XNPV | Financial | Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

XOR | Logical | Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments |

YEAR | Date and time | Converts a serial number to a year |

YEARFRAC | Date and time | Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date |

YIELD | Financial | Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest |

YIELDDISC | Financial | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill |

YIELDMAT | Financial | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity |

Z.TEST | Statistical | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

ZTEST | Compatibility | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |